Kenneth Rijock

Kenneth Rijock

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

GRENADA DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT SCANDAL CONTROVERSY CONTINUES




The story about the ordeal of a European businessman, who was told he would be provided with a diplomatic passport, for the small sum of one million dollars. and then never having received it, had to go to senior officials in Grenada to obtain a refund, has elicited comments on all sides. To respond to those who have inquired about whether there actually is evidence to support the facts, be advised that I have reviewed the emails, from and to governmental officials, at the highest level, in two Caribbean countries, documenting the sordid tale. I also received them from an additional, and official, source, thereby insuring their authenticity.

Publishing those letters would expose not only the victim,  by naming him, but also identify the original sources of the information, West Indians who were so outraged when they originally saw the evidence, that they shared it with this blog. I have no interest in exposing either of those informants, so that darker forces, who profit from illegal diplomatic passport schemes, or their highly-paid legal advisers, can attack or persecute them, but be assured: there is a factual basis for the story.

The United Nations, which adopted the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, needs to open an investigation on the member states that are selling these obscene, and completely illegal, diplomatic passports. 



 

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

SOCIAL MEDIA AS THE SOLUTION TO CORRESPONDENT BANKING'S DE-RISKING PROBLEM



American financial institutions, under increasing pressure from regulators to adopt risk-based compliance programs, have terminated many of their correspondent banking relationships with Caribbean banks. The region's banks have a low volume of international transactions, and its offshore financial centers are often confused with tax havens, and information on their customers is difficult to obtain. De-Risking is the term applied to the policy of ending such relationships for compliance  and risk management reasons.

The result is a massive number of reductions in correspondent banking relationships by US banks, to the dismay of their former Caribbean respondents. Those banks, for whom a US banking relationship must be maintained, in order for their clients to trade in American markets and receive funds from family members who are expats, must now find a workable yet affordable solution.

Social media, which was first utilized by American money service businesses as a means of accessing information on their unbanked* clients, provides a solution to the US banks seeking comprehensive information on the customers of their Caribbean banks, or Know Your Customers' Customers (KYCC). It can bridge the information gap that exists regarding those customers.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) software algorithms that scan social media have the ability to extract personal data information which will satisfy the requirements of onshore banks for KYCC,  such as occupation, employment, educational background, and the assessment of individual risk levels of the bank clients, through direct and indirect relationships, located by the algorithms. Social media software can resolve the de-risking problem of foreign banks.
__________________________________________________________________________
* Individuals who do not have a bank account. 


CBI SALESMAN WHO RECEIVED A MILLION DOLLARS FOR A DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT IDENTIFIED


Christopher Willis
 The individual who solicited and received $1,000,000 for a diplomatic passport, from a European businessman has been identified as the Managing Director of a company that sells passports through Citizenship by Investment, through a number of East Caribbean countries. He is Christopher Willis, then the MD of Henley & Partners Caribbean Ltd., believed to be a wholly-owned subsidiary of Henley & Partners, located in Jersey, in the Channel Islands. Willis is currently listed as such on Internet websites, and has been quoted in the press, as recently as May, 2017, representing himself as such, though the company new claims he does not hold that position, but another one in another location.  

The victim, who was led to believe by Willis that he could obtain a diplomatic passport in Either Antigua or Grenada, due to the strength of his relationships there with government, was ordered to send via wire transfer the sum of one million dollars, to an account at Wells Fargo Bank in Singapore. He never received the passport, and initiated inquiries through government, at the highest level, after hearing, from another victim, similarly situated, who also made a very large payment, and did not receive a passport, on any kind or type, in return.

Correspondence received by this blog showed that Antiguan authorities have never had any file on the victim, CBI or otherwise, and advised him accordingly, which he acknowledged. We confirmed this information through other channels; Antigua was not involved. He then moved on to Grenada with his inquiries.

The victim's correspondence to Grenada resulted in an extensive exchange of emails, between him and the minister charged with CBI matters in that country. No mention appeared of any passport; it centered around the return of his fund, and how Grenada could assist him. Grenada did not deny that he was known to them, but offered to facilitate a complete refund.

 Several months later, the victim reported that he had recovered his money, but whether any part of it was received by senior government officials in Grenada has not been confirmed. Possible violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (payment was in US Dollars), FinCEN or TARP regulations, are under investigation.

Willis in Dominica
It is important to note that none of the five CBI programs being administered in the nations of the East Caribbean provide for the purchase of diplomatic passports, which do NOT confer citizenship, and which are strictly regulated by the Vienna Convention, in which all the CBI-issuing nations are members. Any distribution of a diplomatic passport to non-nationals, of any country, is a violation of the Convention, are are generally regarded as void, as a matter of international law. Several Caribbean countries have been rocked by diplomatic passport scandals, involving international financial criminals, notably Dominica.

Finally, we should consider Wells Fargo Bank, whose acceptance of those funds flies in the face of  generally-accepted compliance procedures, regarding both high-risk customers, as well as, high-risk jurisdictions. Wells Fargo is reportedly the correspondent bank for foreign financial institutions that bank a number of companies that sell CBI products. Its participation in the transaction which is the subject  of this article call into question the effectiveness of its global compliance program, including but not limited to, Know Your Customer (KYC), and Know Your Customer's Customer (KYCC) regulations, as well as Banking Best Practices.
     

PANAMA'S EX-MINISTER OF THE ECONOMY & FINANCE HELD IN PREVENTIVE DETENTION


 Panama's Anti-Corruption Prosecutor has ordered that Frank Georges de Lima Gercich, who was Minister for the Economy and Finance under President Ricardo Martinelli, be held in preventive detention indefinitely. It is believed that de Lima intended to leave the country, to evade the criminal charges pending against him since 2015.  The former minister allegedly participated in the diversion of funds involving the National Assistance Program (PAN); His attorney has publicly denied his involvement.

 A number of former members of the Martinelli Cabinet, and other senior officials and businessmen implicated in several corruption matters, have engaged in flight to avoid prosecution; others have simply disappeared, and their current whereabouts are unknown to the authorities.

Monday, August 21, 2017

TURKISH BANKER FILES HIS REPLY MEMORANDUM IN ZARRAB IRAN OIL SANCTIONS CASE



Counsel for Mehmet Atilla, the Turkish bank deputy CEO charged with facilitating the multi-billion dollar international oil sanctions syndicate lead by Reza Zarrab, Babak Zanjani & Alireza Monfared, filed their Reply Brief today. The brief, in support of Atilla's pending Motions to Dismiss, Motion to Sever, and Motion to Examine Grand Jury Minutes, basically did not cover any new issues, and served to do little more than quote from the original brief. The defendant's motions do not appear to have a strong chance of success.

A sealed document was filed with the Court, which could indicate a possible change of plea from one of the defendants, or a sealed indictment of a new defendant, but it could also merely be classified evidence being deposited. Should there be any significant developments in this case, we shall promptly post them to this blog, as we are monitoring the court file.  

Sunday, August 20, 2017

WHAT IS THIS CELEBRITY-OBSESSED PSEUDO-DIPLOMAT FROM DOMINICA, FRIEND OF DONALD TRUMP, DOING AT THE UNITED NATIONS ?

President-Elect Trump, his wife,and Paolo Zampoli
 By far the strangest story to emerge from the Caribbean's "play for-pay" diplomatic passport sales programs, where foreign nationals acquire a diplomatic passport, is the tale of an Italian businessman from New York, Paolo Zampoli. According to reliance sources in the Commonwealth of Dominica, in 2011 Zampoli approached Vince Henderson, the UN Ambassador, and offered to pay $250,000, in cash, for a diplomatic appointment, and passport.

At the same time, Zamboli also approached the UN Ambassador from Grenada, with a similar request, which was reportedly declined, but reports show his subsequent appointment, ion August, 2012, as Grenada's Minister of Tourism, and his wife, Amanda also appointed to a diplomatic post in Grenada.

Over the reported objections of his advisors, Dominica PM Roosevelt Skerrit, who traveled to New York in March 2011, met Zampoli, who introduced him at that time to his close friend, President Donald Trump. Zampoli, who had owned a New York modeling agency, claims that he made the initial introduction between Trump and his current wife, the First Lady, Milania.  Zampoli has continued his close ties to the Trumps, appearing at the Mar-A-Lago resort with the Trump family, since his election.

PM Skerrit appointed Zampoli  to the diplomatic rank of Minister Counsellor for Dominica, and named him as Ambassador Henderson's deputy, in the UN Mission of Dominica, as of November, 2011. In October, 2013, Zampoli was additionally appointed Ambassador for Oceans and Seas, which appears to be basically a symbolic position, with little, if any, actual duties and responsibilities. Dominicans say that Zampoli has never visited the country he purportedly represents as a diplomat.

Zampoli, since his ambassadorial appointment, has been a fixture at the United Nations; the Internet is full of photographs of him with some of the world's most influential diplomats and statesmen. What he actually does at the UN is another story, other than mix and mingle. Some observers believe his primary goal is to cultivate relationships with powerful international leaders, but on whose behalf is not known, as Dominica's role at the United Nations is small, though its current government is closely aligned with China, Venezuela and Cuba. His end game remains a mystery; Why is he trying to win friends and influence people ?
Paolo Zampoli
What we are seeing is most likely a celebrity-obsessed businessman, who bought his way into the private halls of the United Nations, with a diplomatic passport from Dominica,  which allowed him to participate in the deliberations of that august body. As long as individuals can purchase diplomatic status, through programs that violate the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, these abuses will continue. We do wonder, who got the $250,000 ? It certainly did not end up in the National Treasury of the Commonwealth of Dominica.








Saturday, August 19, 2017

OFAC FINES AMERICAN FIRM THAT CONDUCTED CBI DUE DILIGENCE FOR IRAN SANCTIONS VIOLATIONS




In responding to complaints that their economic citizenship programs allow high-risk individuals to obtain passports from a low-risk jurisdictions, proponents often point to the quality of due diligence that outside companies conduct on the applicants, especially in the five countries of the East Caribbean known for their CIP programs. A Civil Penalty recently levied by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) could be a sign that these firms, and their actions, may not be as effective as we believe.

IPSA International Services Inc., a US-based "global business investigative and regulatory risk mitigation firm," has agreed to pay $259,200, to settle what OFAC describes as apparent violations of Iran sanctions regulations. The transactions cited totalled $290,784.

IPSA, which conducted due diligence investigations for an unnamed country's (St Kitts?) Citizenship by Investment program, when faced with vetting Iranian nationals, engaged its Dubai subsidiary to perform the tasks. That subsidiary in turn hired local background investigation contractors, working inside Iran, to obtain the information, and forward it to the US parent company, which used it in its due diligence investigations. The Iran-based contractors were thereafter paid by the Dubai subsidiary.

OFAC found that IPSAs compliance program was ineffective, with respect to the risks of the company doing business with Iran-origin background investigation services. If we cannot trust due diligence providers to obey US laws, how can we trust that they are delivering accurate and complete information to the operators of CBI programs ? The Civil Penalty also confirms that a large number of Iranian nationals are seeking to acquire citizenship, and passports, from low-risk countries located far from conflict zones. Since the Iran-based background investigators are in a jurisdiction where they cannot be disciplined, for negligence, or even intentional misinformation, how can we be sure that their data is truthful, current, and accurate ?

Furthermore, the consensus of opinion among North American compliance officers is that Caribbean CBI country operators are often disregarding the accurate due diligence investigation reports they request, and approving dodgy applicants purely for corrupt monetary reasons,  in Dominica and elsewhere, leading us to question the compliance comfort level of all East Caribbean CIP passports, from a risk-based perspective. The IPSA case should be a wake-up call to treat all passports from these jurisdictions, where the passport shows the holder was born in another country. with special attention.


Friday, August 18, 2017

PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY DECREES FIFTEEN YEARS FOR OBJECTIONABLE SOCIAL MEDIA POSTINGS



The Palestinian Authority has handed down a decree, reportedly weitten by PA leader Mahmoud Abbas, which implements what is described as a cyber crime law, but in reality targets social media postings that are critical of the local government.The penalties are indeed Draconian.

 The new law provides for a maximum penalty of fifteen years for posting any social media content deemed offensive by the PA. The punishment call for imprisonment at hard labor, with sentences ranging from three to fifteen years*. The grounds, which are definitely overly broad, are listed as "harming national unity or social harmony." This means that social media posters who come down hard on the PA on any grounds, could be summarily convicted, and imprisoned.
________________________________________________________________________
* Palestinian journalists can be sentenced to as much as life in prison, for publishing articles the government considers objectionable, including those stories that expose corrupt officials.

APPLICANT FOR GRENADA DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT SENDS A MILLION DOLLARS TO WELLS FARGO ACCOUNT OF AGENT


 In the opaque world of diplomatic passport sales, it is definitely Caveat Emptor, let the buyer beware. Last year, a Ukrainian businessman*, who is linked to Dubai, and who wanted to buy a diplomatic passport from a cooperating Caribbean country, contacted Henley and Partners. A Henley officer named "Chris" represented that his firm was a duly licensed provider in several Caribbean jurisdictions, and showed him emails from Prime Ministers to prove the company's bona fides.

Chris instructed the applicant to wire $1,000,000, as and for the fee, to the firm's account at Wells Fargo in Singapore. You may view the wire transfer document below. it confirms the amount and the identity of the recipient.



 When Henley and Partners failed to deliver diplomatic passports from either Antigua, or Grenada, and ignored the businessman's repeated call, he contacted Antiguan authorities, who denied there was any application pending. Grenada, through one of its ministers, arranged, after a lengthy delay, for a refund. What's wrong with this picture ?  It appear that whatever constitutes the diplomatic passport program in Grenada is completely out of control.

The issues, all of which require investigation:

(1) Why didn't the applicant's fee go directly into an escrow, or trust account, of the Government of Grenada ? Does Grenada approve of this policy ?  Does it control its licensees at all ?
(2) Why is Henley and Partners holding a US Dollar account at a US Bank, in Singapore, for a Grenada Government client ?
(3) How did a US bank, Wells Fargo NA, accept one million dollars, for deposit into the account of a company known to service purchases of diplomatic passports, in foreign countries, a high risk client ?
(4) Did the Wells Fargo Bank compliance department perform due diligence on the sender, before accepting the wire transfer ? If not, why not ?
(5) Did any of the money end up in the hands of the Government of Grenada, or any of its officials ?
(6) Did Minister Alexandra Otway-Noel resign, because of the exploding diplomatic passport scandal in Grenada, and is Prime Minister Keith Mitchell the primary reason why she resigned ?



Whoever is in command of Global Compliance at Wells Fargo Bank should be required explain to FinCEN why it is banking foreign companies that deal in the sordid world of economic and diplomatic passports, in countries considered high risk.        

I will have more about Grenada's dysfunctional diplomatic passport program in the next article. 
____________________________________________________________________________
* For the purposes of privacy, I have not named the applicant, but I will provide his name to any law enforcement agency that opens a criminal investigation into the matter.

Thursday, August 17, 2017

SOCIAL MEDIA RESOURCES INSURE SUCCESS IN INSIDER TRADING INVESTIGATIONS


Let's assume the following: that I am one of thirty partners in a New York City law firm involved in representing Fortune 500 corporate clients in mergers and acquisitions. All of us are privy to confidential information that will affect the market prices of our clients' stocks. The SEC and FINRA have seen serious profits taken multiple times, all in advance of major events. If one of us supplying inside information to a conspirator, who is illegally trading and profiting from it,who are they, and who am I ? 

Criminal investigators seeking to determine if investors engaged in illegal insider trading of publicly traded securities often have difficulties linking individuals who possess non-public information, with confederates who have traded upon that information. Even armed with the identities of investors who made extraordinary profits based upon the subsequent release of positive business news, investigators often cannot uncover the necessary connections. The result is that many "Tippees" who have profited from their crimes are never charged. It was impossible to track them back to the source who divulged the inside information.

Enter into the equation a research tool* that enables the investigator to diagram and inspect not only indirect relationships, but relationships separated by more than one degree. These are connections that are so remote that conventional inquiries will never link them up. This result is accomplished through the use of artificial intelligence software algorithms which scan available social media sources, a feat that would literally take years to accomplish manually.

Therefore, returning to our initial fact pattern, user generated graphs and charts now created by those ai/deep learning algorithms, uncover and display two of my personal indirect connections, which appeared totally disconnected to effectively deny investigators access to conspirators. Using this software program myself, the culprits were identified as a former co-worker from my first job as an assistant district attorney, and that conspirator's onetime university roommate, from twenty years ago.These individuals who would most likely never be found through conventional means, would be identified, and linked to me, due solely to an asset that represents the application of technology to big data social media information.
_____________________________________________________________________________
* Note to readers: if you are not familiar with this social media resource, kindly email me privately at miamicompliance@gmail.com  and I will furnish that information to you.







IS GOOGLE NEWS NOW TOOTHLESS FOR COMPLIANCE RESEARCHERS ?


Google News, which has recently undergone a major facelift, has cut back on so many of its valuable features that I deem it unsuitable for anyone looking for negative news in a due diligence investigation. It now reportedly limits, to 30 days, any articles it returns for a search query. Many researchers valued the Google news feature that went back several years, but regretfully that is now totally in the past.

In its current form, Google News (1) limits the  number of returns you receive from a search query, (2) has zero hyperlinks, a departure from its prior format, and (3) appears to value quality over quantity, meaning that you won't see the results that do not have high confidence. Now, when you perform a search, you often get no results at all; this is not acceptable to me.

Do any of your existing data services include CheckForRisk, by Nomino Data ? That's the only resource for negative news that I recommend you use (no, I am not affiliated with them in any way) , if you want total coverage; Check it out.


THE POWER OF SOCIAL MEDIA CONFIRMED BY CHARLOTTESVILLE VIGIL PRECAUTIONS


Yesterday's peaceful candlelight vigil, held at the University of Virginia and attended by U Va students and members of the local community, was a clear demonstration of the power of social media. Organizers instructed the students and local residents who intended to invite friends to the vigil to use telephone and text only to pass the word along, and to completely avoid any and all social media resources when contacting others to attend.

The reason for this unusual request: should the white supremacists have learned of the event, via their known monitoring of social media, they could have attended, and there were well-founded fears that additional violence might occur. This was a valid concern of organizers, and it substantiates the influence that social media, due to its virtually universal adoption, has over society. Those who ignore it do so at their own peril.

Social media, together with negative news searches, and cloud-based information searches, has become a mandatory component of any effective query, whether it be for anti-money laundering compliance purposes, due diligence checks, or any other business or law enforcement purpose. It provides data that cannot be accessed through any other method, and is fast becoming one of the most important search tools. 

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

FEDERAL JUDGE DECLINES TO TRANSFER RICARDO MARTINELLI TO MIAMI FCI



The Federal Judge assigned to Ricardo Martinelli's extradition has reversed himself, and vacated his prior order that transferred him from the downtown FDC facility, which primarily houses pre-trial inmates, to the Miami FCI, where convicted inmates serve out their sentences.

The US Attorney objected to the transfer order, and asked that it be set aside. The key filing, however was the final filing by Martinelli's attorneys, where they state that, if he will not be allowed to mix and mingle with the general prison population, they prefer that he stay at the FDC. It looks now like he just wanted to socialize with others. The Government did make the point that he would have better visiting accommodations with his attorneys at FDC, so his transfer request appeared to be a ploy.  

GANGS USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO RECRUIT MEMBERS IN TEXAS



While we are familiar with the widespread use of social media as an intelligence source for law enforcement investigators seeking information on criminal gang membership, the most powerful gangsters in Texas' Rio Grande Valley are reportedly using it extensively for recruitment purposes.These organizations are actively trolling for new members. Law enforcement has identified them as the Latin Kings, Texas Mexican Mafia, Tango Blast & associated cliques, and MS-13.

Local Sheriff's Departments and the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) have been publicly warning parents to closely monitor not just their childrens' friends and their outside activities, but also to examine their social media walls. They are advising them to look on Facebook pages for gang signs & colors, and tattoos appearing on any photographs posted, whether in their friends' sites, or any other indications that there is gang influence intruding into the user's Facebook page or other social media.

DPS warns that gang members now advertise and glamorize their lifestyles, through their postings, and seek to attract new members to the so-called benefits. Many law enforcement agencies now routinely troll through social media sites of known gang members, especially those of suspected leaders, to identify all possible direct and apprentice members and associates.


In-depth analysis of gang members' social media sites can reveal indirect relationships that cannot be gleaned from routine and one-dimensional searches and that information thus obtained can then be directed towards still more data, which is either relevant or will lead to relevant information. It is possible to compile a complete order of battle of a criminal organization, using the appropriate effective social media search tools. Such details are rarely found using traditional investigative techniques and methods, but they can be accessed through the appropriate social media search device.    

  


DOMINICAN DIPLOMAT DENIED SHE STOLE $153m FROM NIGERIA


 Diezani Allison-Madueke, facing corruption, money laundering, and forfeiture charges in several countries, has arrogantly denied she stole any of the missing $90bn, including a $153.3m forfeiture to Nigeria. She further denied that she has been served with the order, or evidence supporting it. Property allegedly purchased in the United States is subject to a major Federal forfeiture action in the State of Texas. 

Madeuke, while known to have been engaged in the theft of massive amounts of petroleum funds that were the property of the people of Nigeria, amazingly received a diplomatic passport from Dominica's Prime Minister, Roosevelt Skerrit, by hand delivery in the United Kingdom. She is not a citizen or national of Dominica, and tendered an illegal cash payment to Skerrit.

The matter was arranged through Dominica's Baroness Patricia Scotland, who knew or should have known, as the Secretary-General of the Commonwealth, that Madueke was totally unacceptable to receive diplomatic rank, for any purpose. Questions about the legitimacy of the transfer of the diplomatic passport to Madueke raise questions about Scotland's fitness to be Secretary-General.







 

BASEL COUNTRY RISK INDEX FOR 2017 IS PUBLISHED


Readers who use the Basel AML Index, to estimate Country Risk, are advised that the 2017 Report has been published. You may access it here. 

PALESTINIAN CONTACTS WITH NORTH KOREA COULD INDICATE A FINANCIAL CONNECTION



Notwithstanding the totally erratic, and dangerous, recent actions, of North Korea (DPRK), and the increased sanctions, the Palestinian Authority (PA) recently accepted the credentials of the DPRK ambassador to the PA, and issued congratulations to North Korea, on the anniversary of its independence day. The DPRK ambassador reportedly resides in Cairo. The apparent political affinity between the two parties could also be a covert financial one.

Given the strict financial sanctions currently in place, and the ample funding that the PA enjoys, from the West, there are potential opportunities for the PA to front for North Korea, by diverting cash flow. There is no evidence to support it at this time, but given the very recent anti-American posture of the PA, towards the US, it is something compliance officers should be aware of.

 North Korea desperately needs US Dollars, to make those European luxury goods purchases its leaders are famous for. Other players could acquire them, fronting for the DPRK, as well as purchasing other needed goods and services, especially those countries who are known to have relationships with it. North Korea will now be seeking alternative supply channels, and compliance officers at international banks should be alert to the possibility that its friends are assisting it.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

RICARDO MARTINELLI ASKS FOR DELAY TO ALLOW HIS EXPERT TO TESTIFY


Defense counsel for Ricardo Martinelli, awaiting the August 22nd final hearing on the pending extradition request of the Republic of Panama, has asked for a one day delay, to allow Dr. Roberto Moreno, whom Martinelli has designated an expert, to appear, due to a conflict. Martinelli has asserted that there are procedural flaws on the extradition proceedings in Panama, and Moreno is likely to be his expert on Panamanian law.



REPORT DETAILS HOW RADICAL GROUPS EMPLOY CLEVER TECHNIQUES TO FOIL SOCIAL MEDIA INQUIRIES



A report was released detailing how radical groups in America employed counter-surveillance techniques to prevent investigators using social media to identify their membership, during their anti-Semitic and anti-journalist attacks in 2016. This was in the middle of the Presidential campaign and contained an interesting observation. These groups intentionally hid their dark message in coded terms, whose true meaning was known to their peers, as well as typographical symbols with hidden meaning, to foil keyword, or keyword combination, searches of social media.

According to the report, entitled Anti-Semitic Targeting of Journalists during the 2016 Presidential Campaign*, which located 2.6 million objectionable Tweets, during the data gathering and analysis phase:

(1) Specific racial, religious or ethnic slurs were assigned tech-oriented code words, to mask their true meaning from readers outside the radical organization. The word skype was mentioned, to replace a commonly used (but profane) Jewish religious slur. Other terms known to be used include: google, yahoo, bing, skittle, butterfly, fishbucket, car salesman, reagans and leppo.

(2) Certain typographical symbols such as double or triple parenthesis were also used by radicals, to identify individuals being singled out for their religious beliefs.

Investigators, reacting to these techniques should follow these steps:

(A) Access the social media of a known member or associate of the radical organization, and extract any unusual, non-conforming, or suspicious terms or phrases, appearing there, using those keywords to identify others using those terms or symbols, and examining the content.

(B) Upon seeing such strange or unusual terms, which appear to be code words in postings of others, immediately institute a search for all direct or indirect relationships among the users, their families, friends and close contacts.

Criminal investigators, conducting gang-related or organized crime queries have known for years to recognize this type of slang, or internal jargon of the group they are probing.  Due diligence investigators, and other analysts, on the civil side, should adopt these techniques, to counter the efforts shown above, which are  being employed to confuse and foil their inquiries.










GOVERNMENT RESPONDS TO TURKISH BANKER'S DEFENSIVE MOTIONS



Counsel for Mehmet Atilla, the Turkish banker charged with assisting the Iranian oil sanctions evader, Reza Zarrab, has filed a number of defensive motions, and the US Attorney's Office in New York has responded with an extensive memorandum of law, replete with numerous legal citations.

To summarize:

(1) The Motion to Dismiss should be denied; the indictment properly alleges IEEPA and bank fraud allegations. It also provides counsel more than adequate notice of the elements of the offense, and the overt acts, and does not deny the defendant Due process, due to the extraterritorial application of a criminal statute. The Court has subject matter jurisdiction over the defendant.

(2) The defendant's Motion for Severance should be denied, as he was charged with participating in  the same conspiracy as defendant Reza Zarrab, that they shared a common purpose, and that none of the cases cited by the defense support their position.

(3) The defendant's motion to inspect Grand Jury minutes should be denied, upon the grounds that there is no "compelling necessity" (e.g. prosecutorial misconduct) shown "with particularity." An alleged erroneous translation, into English, of transcribed telephone calls, does not rise to the level which must be shown to pierce Grand Jury Secrecy.

The case is set for trial this Fall. Whether Atilla will eventually enter a guilty plea remains an open question; he does face some serious prison time, if convicted. Should he plead out, you can most likely expect further indictments, in the "oil-for-gold" case.

Monday, August 14, 2017

SOCIAL MEDIA RESOURCES IMMEDIATELY ACCESSED AFTER CHARLOTTESVILLE DOMESTIC TERRORIST ATTACK


Almost as soon as the smoke cleared from an intentional fatal automobile attack during last weekend's Charlottesville radical white supremacists demonstration, both law enforcement, and the media, were accessing the various social media resources. Their aim was to learn details of the accused vehicle driver, who faces charges of murder, and civil rights violations.

Even though press reports stated that someone took the alleged offenders entries down an hour after the attack, many media announced, and displayed, detailed information about the attacker, showing that he was linked to a radical organization, published photographs detailing his background, his associates, and posted actual photographs of him at the demonstration, carrying a shield bearing the logo of the radical group, Vanguard America.

You can also expect that Federal and state law enforcement agencies investigating the crime also viewed all relevant social media resources, as some of the information from those websites appeared to be known to law enforcement, given public statements made to the press.

Additionally, organizations opposed to White Supremacists, White Power, Ku Klux Klan, and Neo-Nazi movements have been accessing social media sites, to identify the participants from these organizations, which were present at the Charlottesville demonstration, from photographs taken at that time. They have already named & shamed a number of those radicals, and listed their hometowns, with the result that there are reports of termination by their employers. such as James Alex Fields, the vehicle driver, who is from Ohio, and Cole White, from California. 

Social media resources are now recognized as a powerful tool to be used in criminal investigations, due diligence searches, risk management procedures, and vendor and supplier vetting, as well as government investigations into possible terrorist cells. Several second-generation AML/CFT products now feature social media access.

Some commercial search products originally used social media to give access to clients who needed access to information about unbanked customers, to determine risk levels for their money service businesses. They soon discovered that social media assisted in profiling other customers as well.

Many criminal investigators now utilize social media as a critical component of their search process, and searchers on the civil side are fast discovering that it reveals information that cannot be obtained anywhere else, including present, prior, indirect, as well as hidden, relationships.  




 

FOUR MONTHS FOR MONEY LAUNDRING IS NO DETERRENT


A Massachusetts man, charged with Money Laundering Conspiracy, Douglas Mercier, was sentenced last Friday to four months' imprisonment by a Federal judge, in a case where the punishment clearly did not fit the crime. He also must serve three years of Supervised Release; the file indicates that his vehicle was seized, as was proceeds of crime.

Mercier, who was engaged in marijuana sales, to reportedly raise money for his children's college expenses, made fifteen cash deposits, in amounts just under $10,000, to evade reporting requirements, in what is more commonly known as Structuring. We wonder how anyone could think that such multiple deposits, right on the edge of a reporting requirement, would not be examined ? 

While sentencing must take in account many factors, when a sentence is pronounced which is clearly inadequate, given the seriousness of the offense, there is little deterrent effect upon the public. This means that others who may be tempted to engage in similar conduct, do not fear the consequences of an arrest, because they have seen that the punishment meted out for the same crime is minimal at best, and may amount to little more than a slap on the wrist.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

ARE YOUR BANK CLIENTS' "MADE IN CHINA" REALLY MADE IN NORTH KOREA ?



Given the zero tolerance attitude that the United States is now taking towards North Korean sanctions, compliance officers at North American banks whose clients import clothing from Chinese factories would do well to take their due diligence a bit further. If your bank clients are bringing in what the labels say are goods of Chinese origin, obtain some additional assurance, of an affirmative nature. lest you find a Federal law enforcement agent in your office, in two years, asking tough questions, and carrying a subpoena for bank records.

Recent studies indicate that North Korea's state-owned apparel factories can save overseas importers as much as 75% on labor costs, compared with the costs of manufacturing the same items of clothing in Chinese factories. That has stimulated massive cheating: most of those DPRK-made items are mislabeled "Made in China," and transshipped, through north China, to the West.

It is humbly suggested that bankers who clients are engaged in importing clothing items from China be required to execute a sworn affidavit, prepared by your counsel, affirmatively stating that they have performed adequate due diligence on origin of the goods that they are purchasing, and that they are indeed of Chinese origin, made at a specific factory, with the address, that your client will periodically review the situation, and will send a representative to the factory site, to verify the information.


Keeping your clients honest, by adding additional protection, protects your bank from subsequent Willful Blindness exposure.

READ 2017 FCA ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING REPORT



If you want to review the latest annual AML report of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA),  you may access the complete text here.

WHEN DOMINICA'S CORRUPT PRIME MINISTER SOLD OUT ITS PETROLEUM PATRIMONY


What you see below, courtesy of WikiLeaks, is a declassified US State Department cable, detailing the events surrounding the sellout of Dominica's rights to Bird Island, to Hugo Chavez and Venezuela. Before 2006, Dominica maintained that it had territorial rights to Bird, which is technically a reef, awash at high tide, and not an island. It is therefore part of Dominica's 200 mile, internationally recognized, Exclusive Economic Zone, and therefore not subject to any other nation's bogus territorial claim. The area is too far from Venezuela, to support any similar claim.

Venezuela's assertion, that it was awarded the "island" by Spain, has no legal basis; one cannot transfer or acquire the EEZ of another country; It is inviolate under the Law. Note well that the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, and the International Court of Justice, have rejected China's bogus claims to reefs and submerged land, in the South China Sea.

According to reliable sources, and if you read the cable below, Dominica's Prime Minister, Roosevelt Skerrit, abruptly, and without the authority of his nation's elected legislature, abandoned Dominica's longstanding claim to Bird Island. He reportedly personally received a bribe to take that action; the official version, that Venezuela agreed to fund construction in Dominica, is not the complete story.

Many experts believe that the region to the west of Dominica, which includes Bird Island, has a high probability that there will be deposits of petroleum, and natural gas, available to extract. This makes it, potentially, Dominica's most valuable natural resource.

How much did the corrupt PM take, to roll over and state that his country had no claim ? Is that part of the millions of dollars of bribe money that insiders say Skerrit has stashed away in Swiss banks ? We cannot say, but Dominica needs to reestablish its legal claim, to Bird Island, and recover it for the future of the country.




Saturday, August 12, 2017

SPAIN REFUSES TO PUNISH JUDGE PREJUDICED AGAINST FOREIGNERS, AND WHO VIOLATES HUMAN RIGHTS



The Spanish magistrate judge notorious for violating the human rights of the Kokorev family, whom he has ordered held, on a bogus material witness warrant for one month short of two years, escaped punishment, by his country's judicial supervision regulator, notwithstanding his recorded comments, who demonstrated his xenophobic, and definitely non-judicial, attitude toward all foreigners. No wonder Spanish judges know that they can violate the Rule of Law, with impunity.

The magistrate, Carlos Vielba, escaped discipline, from the Consejo del Poder Judicial, notwithstanding his recorded scathing comments, such as "all Russians are criminals, " and "all Romanian women are prostitutes." He has also been known to routinely label all Italians as Mafiosi. These recorded comments were met with outrage in Europe, when news of their existence was publicly disclosed. Vielba has never apologized for them, only suggested he was joking when he made them. That Spain accepted this transparent excuse speaks volumes about its endorsement of court actions that target innocent foreign nationals, bringing unsubstantiated criminal charges, for the sole purpose of taking their assets.

Several attorneys have complained to the European Union about the unlawful detention of Vladimir Kokorev, his wife and son, but Spanish authorities have consistently refused to release them, even though there has never been a criminal charge filed in the case, after an investigation of several years, for alleged money laundering events from fifteen years ago.




Friday, August 11, 2017

WAS MONFARED LAUNDERING MALAYSIAN DRUG PROFITS THROUGH OFAC-SANCTIONED CORPORATION IN DOMINICA ?


What you are looking at above is an OFAC chart, published by the US Treasury, of the Karner drug trafficking network. Note that one of the entities involved in the money laundering of narcoprofits, and therefore sanctioned by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, is Panacea International, an offshore corporation in the Commonwealth of Dominica. For those readers who were not aware that Dominica harbors companies on the OFAC list, this is one of them which was pointed out to me recently.

Panacea International Ltd.  is registered as an offshore company by Offshore Companies House Ltd., whose services are, in reality, provided by CCP, of Copthall,  which is reportedly under Russian ownership. In truth and in fact, the individuals answering the OCH number admit that it is connected to CCP. Who says Dominica is not a dodgy tax haven, providing a safe harbor for the usual suspects ?

The Karner network moves drugs into, and through, Malaysia, and it requires the services of a number of offshore financial centers to aid and assist in laundering its profits. Alireza Monfared, who resided in Malaysia, where he was illegally selling sanctioned Iranian oil, as well as committing a number of other financial crimes there, was probably the only "Malaysian" with a Dominican diplomatic passport, which allowed him inspection-free transit, through international airports. Remember, when he relocated to Dominica, he arrived with massive amounts of baggage; cash or monetary instruments, most likely.

Monfared has become my primary suspect, as a facilitator of the movement of Malaysian drug cash, into Dominica. He spent a lot of time in Labuan, Malaysia's offshore financial center, where the high balances that he banked, in connection with the illicit Iranian oil sales, probably gave him the ability to move the proceeds of drug crime abroad.

Alireza Monfared and the Prime Minister of Dominica, Roosevelt Skerrit
With Monfared extradited, and facing the death penalty in Iran, we may never know the full extent of his involvement in money laundering, but perhaps some patriotic citizen in Dominica might want to fill in the blanks, in public.








WILL OFAC SANCTION CHINESE BANKS THAT FACILITATE NORTH KOREA ?



If you are a compliance officer, at an international bank whose clients trade with customers who use those banks in north China known to move funds for companies in North Korea (DPRK), statements from Washington indicate the US Government would certainly like to name & shame those banks, via OFAC, but political considerations have prevented such action. What if sanctions are indeed placed, are you prepared ?

Letters of Credit aside, you may have clients who are regularly exposed, as they receive payments for goods sold and delivered, from or through those banks. You do not want to unwittingly violate any new North Korean sanctions, that might be placed, because you neglected to check daily for new OFAC actions, and conducted a transfer that was very recently prohibited.

What if a client brought pressure to bear, with a pending transaction, notwithstanding a new sanction announcement, because it did not want to sustain a loss ? Make sure this does not happen, because some executive caved in to client pressure.

This is not to say that OFAC will indeed sanction the Chinese banks, but given the fast-moving political situation,  it could happen; put alerts on your computer, so that any relevant announcement is immediately available to you.

Thursday, August 10, 2017

UN AMBASSADOR FROM DOMINICA ADMITS FATAL FLAW IN ALISON-MADUEKE DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT



If you read my recent article entitled  Dominica's Application for a Diplomatic Passport: an Insult to International Diplomacy, and reviewed the attached application form, you know that all applicants must specify precisely how, and when, and upon what grounds, that they acquired Dominican citizenship. It is a Condition Precedent to obtaining that prized diplomatic passport, meaning that it must be achieved first.

The trouble with Diezani Alison-Madueke, the former Nigerian Petroleum Minister, is that she did NOT have Dominican citizenship, when she bought her diplomatic document from Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit, which makes here ineligible to serve in any diplomatic capacity, or even to be issued such a document.

Dominica's Ambassador to the United Nations, Vince Henderson*, admitted Diezani's non-citizen status
            " When asked if Diezani is still a citizen of the island, Henderson replied,
               ' Alison-Madueke was never a Dominican citizen in the first place. Diplomatic
               passports do not come with citizenship'."

Since pre-existing citizenship is listed as a requirement for application, the diplomatic passport issued to Alison-Madueke is void ab initio, from the beginning, and Ambassador Henderson has publicly admitted to being a party to an organized fraud, perpetrated both upon the people of Dominica, and the international diplomatic community. He should be dismissed as UN Ambassador, and sent home in disgrace.
_____________________________________________________________________________
* Since he received a degree, reportedly earned through full-time study, while he was supposed to be on duty at his post in the the United Nations, Henderson is now insisting that Dominicans address him as "Doctor Henderson." 

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

RICARDO MARTINELLI TO BE TRANSFERRED TO FCI MIAMI

Federal Correctional Institution, Miami
  It is being widely reported in Panama that its fugitive ex-president Ricardo Martinelli, now in custody at Miami's downtown Federal Detention Center, will be transferred to FCI Miami, a low security suburban institution, located south of metropolitan Miami. The Magistrate Judge presiding over the pending extradition case, reportedly has ordered the Bureau of Prisons to move him as soon as possible.

 Why the change ? Martinelli, and his attorneys, must now prepare for his August 22 final hearing, and the attorney visiting conditions at the FCI are larger, and probably more conveniently located for counsel, who can visit, without rush hour concerns afterwards.

The Panamanian street still believes that Martinelli sought to be released on bond, so that he could engage in flight to avoid extradition, and evade justice. FCI Miami does also have a minimum security camp on site, but we trust that the former president, now facing a probable life sentence, if convicted in a Panamanian courtroom, will be closely guarded.

 His illegal electronic surveillance, of over one hundred prominent Panamanians, including in their private moments, which is the principal charge against him, in the extradition proceeding, has resulted in his being crucified in the Panamanian press. Should he end up facing Panamanian justice, it will get ugly before it is over.    

DISPUTE OVER CHINA CLOSING BANK ACCOUNTS OF IRANIANS


Reports that major Chinese banks are closing personal accounts of Iranians appear to be in dispute. One source claims that it is due to tax evasion, when Iranians enter China, ostensibly for non-business reasons, transact business, and place their profits in their non-commercial accounts. A number of their accounts have been allegedly closed, and Iranian account holders' efforts to repatriate their funds  foiled. Another source asserts that it was as a result of American sanctions.

The Chinese banks accused of closing large Iranian non-business accounts are:
(1) Agricultural Bank of China.
(2) Commercial Bank of China.
(3) China Merchants Bank.

Additionally, there are reports that Iranian petrochemical exporters have been unable to repatriate their profits; Iranian merchants and traders have also reported issues with their accounts. Compliance officers at Western banks kindly note that a Chinese corporation, trading with their own bank clients, might have Iranians as hidden, but actually beneficial, owners. Do you really know who the shareholders are at that Chinese company who does business with your bank's clients ?


Tuesday, August 8, 2017

HMRC PUBLISHES ADVISORY ON JURISDICTIONS REQUIRING ENHANCED DUE DILIGENCE



Her Majesty's Revenue & Customs has issued an Advisory Notice on Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing controls in Overseas Jurisdictions. Readers in the UK, Crown Dependencies, and British Overseas Territories will please closely examine the list of jurisdictions where enhanced due diligence measures should be applied.

The Advisory can be accessed here.

WHAT SHOULD BE IN YOUR TOOLBOX FOR ENHANCED DUE DILIGENCE INVESTIGATIONS



If you are a compliance officer, many of what used to be routine due diligence inquiries have now, due to a number of emerging factors*, become enhanced due diligence investigations. Fortunately, several new and useful resources for AML/CFT investigations are now available, and all of them should be in your bag of compliance tricks atthis time. Your failure to have all the boutique the tools, which allow you to make in-depth queries, puts you are a severe disadvantage, as financial criminals, and terrorist financiers, have become quite adept at counter-surveillance and counter-forensic techniques. You need to defeat their strategies and tactics, using new sources and methods.

At a bare minimum, in my humble opinion. you should have access to these resources:

(A) A good Second Generation, cloud-based search product; it must be truly cloud-based, and not merely offering a small portion of the sites blocked by a paywall, Dark Web sites, and state and local government information databases, as well as all reported state & Federal decisions.   

(B) If your choice for (A) does not offer it, you need access to the US Government PACER system, Public Access to Court Electronic Records, which can be found at www.pacer.gov . Access is quite reasonable, and you only pay for what you request.

(C) A website offering complete access to global negative news.

(D) A system that can  locate, mine, search and analyze social media information.  

With these tools, you can conduct effective enhanced due diligence; happy hunting.

 Note to Readers: This is strictly a non-commercial blog; you will not find any ads or sponsored content here. If you are not familiar with the name of the specific products, or the companies offering any of the above, feel free to email me at: miamicompliance@gmail.com and I will be pleased to give you my personal recommendations.
______________________________________________________________________
* (1) The proliferation of Internet and information management advisors.
   (2) The spread of false news, misdirection, and disinformation, commissioned by interested parties.
   (3)  The obsolescence of commercial off-the-shelf First Generation data sources.
   (4)  The explosion of social media, alternative media, and Deep Web resources.

CHECK YOUR FACTS ON ARTICLES PUBLISHED BY NGOs



Compliance officers, in their daily quest to obtain information, for due diligence, and enhanced due diligence investigations, often come across articles, published by non-governmental organizations (NGO) that may be of use to them. You are cautioned that many NGOs have a hidden agenda, whether it be political, social or on behalf of an undisclosed third party interest, that results in the article being factually incorrect, intentionally incomplete, or otherwise inaccurate.

Ask yourself this: does the NGO actually act in the public interest ? If you cannot, unqualifiedly answer in the affirmative, then take the facts presented in the article with a huge grain of salt, or dismiss it entirely. Someone may have a hidden agenda, and wants a seemingly disinterested, purportedly objective, third party to advance it online. 

For example, I see that Soros' Open Society Foundation, which claims to speak for the public good, has an article on its website, crucifying Vladimir Kokorev, the Spanish-Russian businessmen, and former diplomat, regarding what the article alleges is money laundering, and facilitating corruption in Equatorial Guinea. The article goes on to say that he, and his family, are in custody, facing criminal charges.

In truth and fact, the Kokorevs, who were arrested solely upon a Material Witness warrant, have been illegally held, by Spain, for two years, without ANY criminal money laundering charges ever being filed. The article, which dates for 2015, and was never updated (intentionally, perhaps?) leads the reader to think they are defendants in a criminal case. This is totally untrue, and their case is clearly a political vendetta against them, pending due to the influence of powerful business interests in Spain, who desire that Mr. Kokorev implicate his client, the elected president of Equatorial Guinea, whom they want removed from office, so that they may again access EGs raw materials. Spain will neither release, nor charge, them. They are in legal limbo, and efforts to free them have failed.

So why does a "benevolent" NGO support a major human rights violation  ? This is merely an illustration of how powerful NGOs can skew the facts, tp support hidden interests. My advice: unless you know and trust them, disregard NGO information, until & unless you can independently verify it.

GOVERNMENT DISPUTES TURKISH BANKER'S VERSION OF THE FACTS IN ZARRAB OIL SANCTIONS EVASION CASE

Atilla was recently in NYC, seeking to sell Turkish bonds.
 Regarding the recent filings, made by lawyers for Mehmet Atilla, the Turkish banker accused of working with Reza Zarrab to illegally move petrodollars to Iran,The US Attorney's Office has contested their statement of facts, their client's role, and his most likely sentence. In a 25-page memorandum of law, all the points made by defense counsel were rebutted. This matter is being debated, in the context of Atilla's bond application; he is being held in pretrial confinement at this time, and his attorneys a pushing for his release.

The response can be summarized thus:

(1) Atilla, by misrepresenting that payments to Iran were for humanitarian goods, such as food, which were permitted, had a major role in Zarrab's scheme to sell Iranian oil, on the world market, in defiance of international, and American, sanctions, thereby defrauding USA banks.

(2) Due to the charges filed against him, Atilla is not facing a mere five years, for IEEPA violations, but a Guidelines sentence of from 21 to 24 years, and a potential 30 years.  

(3) Due to the seriousness of the offense, the weight of the evidence against him, and the history of this defendant, he cannot be characterized as a minor player, whose case should even be considered for bond. he has every reason to flee, if released. Additionally, he misrepresented his income and assets, minimizing his ability to live in Turkey, if he flees the US.

(4) There is simply no combination of factors, in the defendant's bail package, which would guarantee that he will be present for trial.

Given what appear to be the objective facts in the case, Atilla's release on bond appears doubtful, and he may have lost some credibility with the Court, due to his statement of facts, versus the truth.


Monday, August 7, 2017

DOMINICA'S APPLICATION FOR A DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT: AN INSULT TO INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMACY



What you see above is the most current Commonwealth of Dominica Application for Diplomatic Passport. The one-page form is a sick joke played upon the international diplomatic establishment. Frankly, they ask for more information when you check into a hotel in many Countries. Note that the required recommendation signature is not the Minister of Foreign Affairs, but the Permanent Secretary.

The form has no place to enter:
(1) Work history.
(2) Countries where the applicant holds, or has held, official office.
(3) An affirmation that the applicant is of good character, and that he has not been convicted of any crimes that involved moral turpitude.
(4) An affirmation that the applicant is not presently under any pending criminal charges, ant INTERPOL warrant or want, or a fugitive from justice, in any country.
(5) An affirmation that the applicant has never been known under any other name
(6) Other nationalities or passports held by the applicant.

I could go on and on, but you get the picture, the motto at the Dominica Ministry of Foreign Affairs must be "Don't ask, Don't tell. " Considering that the scheme, through which dodgy foreign nationals obtain Dominica diplomatic passports, is not authorized anywhere in the country's laws, and is in clear violation of the Vienna Convention on Diplomacy, to which Dominica is a signatory, by virtue of its UN membership, I am not surprised that the application itself is a bad joke, played upon the international corps of diplomats and consular officers.

When will the next Dominica "diplomat' run afoul of the law, I wonder, and attempt to escape justice, using his bogus diplomatic passport ?

Sunday, August 6, 2017

DOMINICA REISSUED NEW CBI PASSPORT FOR MONFARED'S SON AFTER CANCELLING HIS DIPLOMATIC ONE



According to public statements. made in the press by Skerrit lawyer Anthony Astaphan, who apparently also represents Dominica's CBI program, on January 20, 2016, Dominica cancelled and revoked Arireza Monfared's diplomatic passport, when it reportedly "discovered" his global criminal activities. A copy of the cancelled passport was widely distributed; it appears above.

Old passport; note expiration date

Reissued passport, AFTER the scandal broke in Dominica
 
So why on earth did Dominica, on January 26, 2016, reissue a Dominica CBI passport for Ziba Monfared, Alireza's son ? The scandal, over Monfared's INTERPOL Red Notice, wanted for stealing billions of dollars from Iran's oil sales, with his partners, Babak Zanjani and Reza Zarrab, was already published old news. There was not that any due diligence search would approve the reissue of the passport.

One additional note: Ziba's original Dominica passport did not expire until the year 2024, so why obtain an unnecessary extension ? Obviously, Alireza Monfared knew, or should have known that he might not be returning to Dominica. The reissue of the passport exposes the unmitigated avarice of those who operate the CBI program, and the illegal diplomatic passport scheme.

Abuses like these may soon make every passport, issued by Dominica, a reason to be suspicious, when presented at customs and immigration desks, both in North America,and in Europe.